Disarmament and International Security Committee

General Assembly

Topic A

Regional Instability in Sub-Saharan Africa

Forty-eight countries comprise of sub-Saharan Africa, not including traditional Middle Eastern countries such as Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Tunisia, and Morocco. Currently, continuing violence is rampant in sub-Saharan Africa, hindering economic progress, regional security, and political stability. Notably, it is a region deeply affected by historical colonialism, which has contributed to ethnic divide and political corruption. It is the home of some of the world’s most critical conflicts, including the destabilization of Mali, violence initiated by the Boko Haram terrorist group in Nigeria, as well as Al-Shabab in Somalia.

Overall, these catastrophic affairs share common threads of political corruption, ethnic-based violence, sectarianism, augmented anti-government sentiments, as well as increased terrorism. These prevailing violent issues in sub-Saharan Africa seem to be caused by social inequality, as 37 percent of Africans live in extreme poverty. They are also exacerbated by low levels of development, demographics, regime type, and cross-group discrimination. Democratization, which is when manipulation of elections and corruption lead to a democratic deficit, is another factor that induced these troubles.

Topic B

Militarization of Artificial Intelligence

As technological advancement on artificial intelligence transcends what humans have ever been able to do before, countries have begun to exploit its benefits for military use. Currently, fierce development in militarized artificial intelligence presents numerous questions surrounding its ethics, regulation, and impact on security. The issue lies in how the international community can regulate autonomous weapons systems as well as the threat of potential algorithmic weapons arms proliferation.

First, we must understand what militarized AI is and what the term lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) means. Lethal autonomous weapons systems fall into the broad scope of Militarized AI. Not only does “militarized AI” include killer drones and robots, it also touches on cloud systems that can analyze military data, systems to protect cybersecurity, and robotic systems that can provide battlefield medical support. Specifically, the term “lethal 3 autonomous weapons systems” includes fully autonomous systems that can observe, target, and attack without human interference as well as semi-autonomous weapons. It is important to note that autonomous weapons are not limited to those with artificial intelligence; they can simply be robots that have no cognition of their own. LAWS with artificial intelligence is still in the process of investigation and a discussion of the future, but autonomous weapons are being utilized for military purposes in the modern era.

[email protected]

Dais team

Emma Guo

Director

Carol Lu

Chair

Kenneth Lee

Assistant Director

About

DISEC

The Disarmament and International Security Council, also known as DISEC, was established in 1945 after the events in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. As the First Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, it unites 193 member states to resolve global dilemmas that threatens international safety. DISEC also deals with matters concerning disarmament, arms trade and the regulation of weapons.

Ever since its inception, DISEC has been a forum for member states to debate issues that threaten international security. Although unable to make legally binding resolutions, the committee evokes debate by tackling pertinent issues that threaten world peace. The committee also passes resolutions on some of the most intense conflicts that plague our world today. These resolutions often lay the groundwork for further discussion in other committees, conventions, and agreements.