European Union


Topic A

Improving the Availability of Medicine

The European medicine shortage has been ongoing for at least a decade and has recently gained traction in the media; staggering price hikes, prolonged hospital stays, and unnecessary medical payments have become more prevalent than ever. A 2018 survey by the European Association of Hospital Pharmacists (EAHP) claims that 91.8% of Europeans see medicine shortages as an immediate problem, which is an increase from the 86.2% in 2014. 35% claimed to be affected on a daily basis, 38% weekly, and 16% monthly.

Although the EU governments agree that the medicine shortage must be addressed, a common solution has not yet been agreed upon. In fact, member countries still possess contradictory perspectives, which ultimately delay the process of coming to any compromise; for instance, countries still stand on opposite sides of the spectrum in regard to pharmaceutical transparency and public shortage catalogues. In addition, the difference in wealth among EU nations allow some to take bolder actions than others. Medicine shortages are common all across the European Union and aren’t unique to any select country. This means that all EU nations must put aside their differences to create common policies. In addition, the sensitivity of the topic demands that the topic is tread upon carefully, as consequences may impact lives, companies, and the general pharmaceutical market.

Topic B

Combatting Chinese Market Competition

For decades, the European Union was a part of a mutually advantageous relationship with China; however, recent developments have led to the reassessment of this relationship. Especially in the past 30 years, China’s economy experienced rapid growth based on a mixed economy—limited capitalism within a command economy. This success was measured by its gross domestic product (GDP): in 2017, growth was $23.12 trillion and 6.8% more than in 2016.4

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Dais team

Naiomi Chin


Emily Ni


Alec Yang

Assistant Director



The European Union is an economic and political block consisting of 28 European countries. With a rich history extending back to the 1950s, the European Union began as the European Economic Community, a strategy to dissolve internal trade barriers and establish common standards. Following the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, the EEC evolved into the European Union, then later received the authority to sign international treaties in 2009. Now, the European Union is among the largest trade blocs in the world, and holds the key purposes of enhancing economic and political cohesion, increasing global competitiveness, and balancing the needs of its members.