United Nations Children's Fund

Specialized

Topic A

The Proliferation of Child Labour in International Supply Chains

Every day, an estimated 152 million children are systematically exploited through child labour. This concern is not a new issue to the international community. However, the majority of discussion surrounding the issue has been concentrated on immediate eradication. To illustrate, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 8.7 commits the international community to eradicate all forms of child labour by 2025. Despite these promises, UNICEF has acknowledged that the rate and forecast of progress indicates that the goal will not be met by 2025. In fact, over the last decade, there has been an alarming 20 percent surge of child labour internationally, remarkably coinciding with a steady increase of income per capita during the same period. Thus, as eradication is the ultimate goal, the committee should seek to implement sustainable regulations to protect children’s development, while respecting and taking into consideration their socioeconomic circumstances.

Topic B

Child Indoctrination in Armed Conflict

The practice of children being systematically exploited for illegal initiatives has proven to be a prominent concern pertinent to the violation of human rights. While the exploitation of children takes many forms, such as drug trafficking, guerilla warfare, and discriminatory aggression, the scope of its severity and lasting impact lies within the influence of indoctrination. As defined by UNICEF, the indoctrination of children in institutionalized crime is coercively conditioning children into criminal ideologies uncritically. Evidently, such a practice proves to substantially deprive children of their right to a childhood through violating their fundamental human rights.

Due to a child’s physical and mental vulnerability, the process of indoctrinating children includes severe physical and psychological punishment, which permanently alters the child. Furthermore, in several cases, the Human Rights Watch has found that children forcibly made to ingest narcotics, and to witness and commit atrocities that emotionally desensitize them to crime and violence. In other cases, children who have been abducted are forced to inflict destructive acts against their own families or communities in order to isolate them from their origins and ensure that they cannot reintegrate.

[email protected]

Dais team

Sana Shams

Director

Brendon Huang

Chair

Jayden Jung

Assistant Director

About

UNICEF

Established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11th, 1946, UNICEF is the world’s first international organization dedicated to the well-being of children around the globe. Initially founded to relieve children in crisis following World War II, the “United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund” was a temporary global response program. The committee was later inaugurated as a permanent member of the United Nations, broadening its mandates to encompass the long-term foundations of food, health care, safety and education of children through UN subsidiaries and donors. UNICEF strives to extend beyond delivering crisis relief, for it dedicates the foundation of its values to the Convention of the Rights of the Child, thus pursuing the implementation of progression and sustainability.

Compared to other General Assembly organs, UNICEF has a commendable well-developed support network of private citizens–the National Committees. Currently, the National Committee is composed of 38 member states within industrialized countries, and are recognized by Federal Governments as autonomous non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Despite varying size, structure and legislation, UNICEF’s assemblies work coherently in developing the mechanism of global efforts while delivering to marginalized necessities.

Ultimately, UNICEF urges for all of its delegates to foster the potential of the future by advocating for the rights of every child.