United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Committee

Specialized

Topic A

Deterring the Trafficking of Fraudulent Medicines

With an annual estimated value of $1.6 billion in Asia and Africa alone, the dangerous and often deadly fraudulent medicine trafficking industry has become a severe safety concern and a growing area of organized crime. The World Health Organization (WHO) discovered that 3 out of 10 pharmaceutical goods in the combined African, Asian, and Latin markets are fake, and 50 to 60 percent of medications tested in parts of Asia and Africa contain active ingredients outside acceptable limits established by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Furthermore, besides the direct impact on victims, substandard medicines fuel microbial resistance due to incorrect doses, or ingredients. Health experts in several areas of the world –particularly those working in developing nations and areas at risk of being exposed to the tampered medicines–have repeatedly warned the public that each patient treated with substandard medicine becomes an evolutionary vector for superbugs. These bugs have the ability to become resistant to antibiotics and pose a considerable threat to public health, food security, and development today.

Topic B

Juvenile Justice Reform

Juvenile justice has been an area of the legal system that has been underlooked for years in all parts of the world and often lacks serious attention to the convicted youth that are in conflict with the law. The concept of childhood in the legal system is relatively new compared to adult justice systems. A multitude of developed countries in South Eastern Europe, North America, and the UNODC have made attempts to improve justice system for children, but their efforts have yet to provide solid results that support the rights of children in conflict with the law.

The purpose of the juvenile justice system is to justly process those under the age of 18 who are accused of committing a criminal act. While similar to that of the adult criminal justice system in multiple ways, the juvenile justice process operates according to the premise that youth are fundamentally different from adults, both in tier levels of responsibility and potential for rehabilitation. The primary goals of this system, in addition to maintaining public safety, are skill development, rehabilitation, addressing treatment needs, and successful reintegration of youth into the community. The penalties and services provided by the juvenile system should be designed not only to hold youth accountable but also to address the causes of their misbehavior, reduce recidivism, and facilitate positive rehabilitation. The long-term goal of any intervention is to help them to become better global citizens.

[email protected]

Dais team

Cindy Zhang

Director

Christopher Bong

Chair

Priscilla Ng

Assistant Director

About

UNODC

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was established in 1997 through a merger between the United Nations Drug Control Programme and the Centre for International Crime Prevention.

The committee works to fight against diverse issues such as international crime, illicit drug trade, terrorism, corruption, and several different forms of human trafficking. It strictly follows its mandate which is built upon three international and fundamental agreements: the declaration of the International Legal Framework on Drug Control, the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), and the United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC). Despite the committee’s lack of authoritative enforcement, its bi-annual budget of approximately $700 million, the individual efforts of its partners, and the research capacity allows the UNODC to accomplish its goals through normative work and field-based technical cooperation projects. The UNODC also provides logistical or financial support to countries in need through a multitude of non-governmental organizations that are partnered with the UNODC.