United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women

Specialized

Topic A

The Economic Empowerment of Women

From toiling in the Mesopotamian fields to spinning cotton in factories during the Industrial Revolution, women have always been an important part of the global workforce. Despite that, they continue to represent a small population of the global workforce, and they struggle to attain equal rights and financial treatment.

The economic empowerment of women is comprised of several key components: the right to work, the right to safe working conditions, the right to equal pay, the right to own and manage financial assets and properties, and the right to participate in fiscal decisions. While the majority of countries around the world have made progress in making these rights a reality, the World Bank reports that to this date that 104 countries prohibit women’s full access to jobs. It also noted that no country in the world achieved 100% gender parity in the economic sector. This inequality is particularly prominent in less economically developed regions, such as Middle East and North Africa (MENA) and Sub-Saharan Africa.It also persists in countries like Russia and China, where cultural barriers and oppressive regimes stunt gender equality.

Topic B

Reproductive Rights of Women

Women’s reproductive rights encompass their right to engage in sexual conduct as they please, their right to family planning, and their right to choose the number, time, and spacing of giving birth. These rights are closely entangled with other human rights, such as the right to life, and the right to health, and the right to be free from torture and violence.

Today, many developing nations openly acknowledge these rights. In the past 50 years, various countries implemented liberal abortion policies, established government funded healthcare, and started to offer family planning services. Global fertility rates and maternal deaths are at all time low despite the climbing population. The leaders in this global reproductive health care trend are countries like Nepal, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, and Ethiopia.

[email protected]

Dais team

Helia Zeinoddini

Director

Eric Birzneck

Chair

Alishba Irfan

Assistant Director

About

UN Women

Assembled in 2010, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) is the only UN body that focuses on gender equality and the treatment of women.

Although the progression of women’s rights is happening around the world, the cultural and systematic discrimination of women continue to harm them and bar them from access to education, work, and leadership opportunities. Issues regarding the treatment of women can range from female genital mutilation in traditional communities to inadequate funding for women. In just the past year, UN Women helped improve the treatment of over 7000 women in leadership, and assisted over 121,000 women who were affected by international humanitarian crises. The committee also encouraged landmark reforms and amendments to laws in over 17 countries. Currently, UN Women operates in 45 countries from regions such as Africa, the Americas, the Arab States, Central and East Asia, and the Pacific.