Resolution Paper Guide

Secretariat Team

September 17, 2019

In Model UN, the resolution paper is the cumulative result of all a delegate’s research, debate, discussion, and diplomacy. Created by the different blocs which emerge through debate, the resolution paper is the written evidence of the solutions produced throughout the committee sessions.

Throughout the conference, the resolution paper will be referred by different names, depending on its stage of completion.

Stages of a Resolution Paper
Cluster of Ideas

Cluster of ideas is a term used to denote documents that have been created collaboratively by multiple delegates, but have not yet been approved by the Director. Before it is approved, the cluster of ideas must be fully written and be properly formatted.

Working Paper

Working paper is a term used to denote a fully written resolution paper that has been approved by the Director. Once the Director approves, the sponsors of the working paper may motion to present it.

Draft Resolution

Draft resolution is a term used to denote a resolution paper that is ready to be voted upon. Once all amendments have been made and the committee moves into voting procedures, all working papers will be referred to as draft resolutions.

Resolution Paper

Once a draft resolution is passed by the committee, it will be referred to as the resolution paper

Resolution Paper Contents

A resolution paper starts with the heading, followed by the topic, names of sponsors, and names of signatories. The heading is the current title of the resolution paper, followed by a number (eg. Working Paper 1.0). Resolution papers for the first topic are to begin with the number 1 (eg. 1.0, 1.1, 1.2), while resolution papers for the second topic are to begin with the number 2 (eg. 2.0, 2.1, 2.2). Sponsors are the main contributors who guide the paper through the resolution paper process. There are 3 - 5 sponsors per paper, depending on the size of the committee. Signatories are a list of delegates who wishes to see the paper further discussed within the committee. They may agree or disagree with the contents of the paper. A working paper would need ⅓ of the committee as signatories if it wishes to be presented. The list of sponsors and signatories should be in alphabetical order.

After, the name of the committee is recorded the resolution paper, followed by a set of preambulatory clauses. Preambulatory clauses outline the issues that the committee wants to resolve, as well as provide an overview of the problem and a summary of past actions. The first word of a preambulatory clause is to be italicized, and a comma must be accompanied at the end of all preambulatory clauses. Preambulatory clauses may not be amended through amendments.

Preambulatory clauses are then followed by a set of operative clauses. The Operative Clauses are the main substance of a paper, outlining the actions the committee desires to take to solve the issue. Each clause has one idea, which can be followed by sub-clauses describing the idea in detail. Every operative clause is numbered and the first word of each clause is underlined. Each operative clause ends with a semicolon, with exception to the last clause, which ends with a period. If an operative clause is followed by a sub-clause, it must end with a colon. All sub-clauses must end with a comma, with exception to the last sub clause, which ends with a semicolon

Sample Preambulatory and Operative Phrases

Preambulatory and operative phrases are the first words of a clause that are italicized or underlined. Listed below are some preambulatory and operative phrases you can use in the resolution paper.

Preambulatory Clauses Operative Causes
Acknowledging Accepts
Affirming Accordingly
Alarmed by Affirms
Approving Approves
Aware of Authorizes
Bearing in mind Calls
Believing Calls upon
Cognizant of Condemns
Confident Confirms
Contemplating Congratulates
Convinced Declares
Declaring Deplores
Deeply convinced Designates
Deeply disturbed Desiring
Deeply regretting Draws attention
Expecting Expresses its appreciation
Fulfilling Further invites
Fully alarmed Further proclaims
Fully believe Notes
Further deploring Proclaims
Having adopted Recommends
Having considered Regrets
Having considered further Reminds
Having devoted attention Resolves
Having examined Solemnly affirms
Having heard Strongly condemns
Having received Supports
Having studied Takes notes of
Hoping Trusts
Keeping in mind Urges
Noting with regret
Sample Resolution Paper
Sample Resolution Paper